7 Programming Skills All Website Developers Should Know

You need a solid knowledge of HTML because it’s the foundation of web content, and your skill in HTML5 will determine how well you can master the other technologies that work with it. Luckily for you, we have an HTML5 primer ready to go.  computer science computer science computer science  computer science computer science computer science

2. Cascading Style Sheets, Level 3 (CSS3)

CSS is used by a web developer to supply the visual look and feel of the website to the browser. The current practical standard is CSS Level 3. “Modules” carrying level 3 that are in the stable phase of development are worth learning. Many modules in “testing” are in the wild, too. One of the most important and recent is flexbox. While creating complex layouts in the past was difficult, flexbox set a new standard that all developers are moving to embrace.

7 Programming Skills All Website Developers Should Know css rules 563x315

You can see how HTML5 and CSS3 work together by following along with some of the tutorials we reviewed in 2015.

3. JavaScript (JS)

JavaScript makes web pages interactive. HTML5 is responsible for what a web page contains, CSS creates its look and feel, but only JavaScript tells a web page how to behave. Without JavaScript, web pages would be static and unchanging.  computer science computer science computer science  computer science computer science computer science

JavaScript is the last of the trio of technologies that web developers use to create the “the front-end” (the part of the website you see and interact with).  computer science computer science computer science  computer science computer science computer science

Asynchronous JavaScript and XML (Ajax)

This is less a separate technology than a way of using JavaScript to create web applications with enhanced interaction. Ajax downloads data in the background (asynchronously) and allows a page to automatically update without entering a refresh-and-wait cycle. Gmail, Google Maps, and Google Docs all make heavy use of this technique. You can learn more on the Mozilla Developer’s network.

4. PHP Hypertext Processor

PHP is a server-side scripting language that web developers use to generate dynamic pages on a server — the server runs a program and then sends the output to your browser. PHP will generate the web page in part from the contents of a database (pictured below).  computer science computer science computer science  computer science computer science computer science

PHP is one of many server-side solutions for the same use. Others in this category include: JavaRuby on RailsAsp.netPython, and Perl.

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